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Citation Analysis: Home

Explains how to use Web of Science and Scopus to conduct citation analysis.

Please Cite My Paper!

This guide gives a quick background on the topic of Citation Analysis.

 All suggestions, additions, or comments to this library guide are welcome.

Terms & Definitions

Some commonly used terms in citation analysis:

Cited Reference
- articles that the original article cites

Citing Reference
- articles that cite the original article

Impact Factor
- The journal Impact Factor is the average number of times articles published in a journal in the past two years have been cited

h-index
- Measures the productivity and citation impact of the published work of a researcher, scientist or scholar
- h-index (or Hirsch index) = N
where N = no. of papers with N or more citations

Self-citation
- Self-citations refer to cited references that contain an author name that matches the name of the author of a citing article.

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Citation Analysis

The starting point of all citation analysis studies is to count the number of times an article or author is cited in the scientific literature. On the general assumption that the number of citations reflects an article's influence, and therefore quality.

Wade, N. (1975). Citation Analysis: A New Tool for Science Administrators.
Science, 188(4187), 429-432: 429 

Citation analysis essentially involves counting the number of times a scientific paper or scientist is cited, and it works on the assumption that influential scientists and important works will be cited more frequently than others. 

Meho, L. I. (2007). The rise and rise of citation analysis.
Physics World, 20(1), 32-36: 32

It is important to note that as with numbers and statistics, it is often easy to manipulate citation count to show greater impact. Some ways where citations can be artificially inflated include negative citations (pointing out fraudulent research or incorrect results), cronyism (friends/colleagues citing each other), ceremonial citation, self-citation (citing one's own works) and being part of a citation cartel or "citation stacking", where groups of editors and journals work together to increase their impact factor.

 

Databases with citation information

 

MAIN CITATION DATABASES

Dedicated to citation info
Oldest and most established
Covers > 12,000 journals
Multi-disciplinary
Largest abstract and citation database
Covers > 22,000 journals
Multi-disciplinary

 

OTHER DATABASES WITH CITATION COUNT

 

                    

                       

     

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